Canterbury DHB

Context

Mild Transfusion Reaction: Diagnosis and Treatment

Guidelines for Management of Mild Adverse Transfusion Reactions

First Mild Reaction

Symptoms:

 

 

  • Mild febrile reaction
    • Temperature increase <1.5°C from baseline
    • Stable haemodynamics
    • No respiratory distress and no other symptoms

OR

  • Mild allergic reaction
    • Occasional urticarial spots and no other symptoms

Action:

  1. Check compatibility label and recipient identity.
  2. Slow transfusion.
  3. Call for medical assessment.
  4. Medical staff may consider the need to prescribe paracetamol for pyrexia or antihistamines for urticaria.
  5. Continue transfusion at a slower rate with increased monitoring, e.g., temp, pulse and BP at 15-30 minute intervals.
  6. Send 1 x group and screen (EDTA) tube to Blood Bank + a completed Adverse Reaction Notification form (111F00901).
  7. Document in patient's clinical notes.

If symptoms increase treat as a moderate or severe reaction.

Subsequent Transfusions and:

  • Recurrence of mild febrile reactions

OR

  • Recurrence of mild allergic reactions

Action:

  1. Febrile reaction: consider giving premedication of an antipyretic (e.g., paracetamol).
  2. Urticarial/allergic reaction: consider giving premedication of an antihistamine (e.g., oral phenergan). Slow transfusion administration rate.

Note: Hydrocortisone is not usually indicated.

About this Canterbury DHB document (5110):

Document Owner:

Steve Gibbons (see Who's Who)

Issue Date:

August 2014

Next Review:

August 2016

Keywords:

Note: Only the electronic version is controlled. Once printed, this is no longer a controlled document. Disclaimer

Topic Code: 5110